My Name Is Not Sir

March 27, 2020

The present perfect


CEFR B1 – Trinity Grade 5 – Cambridge First Certificate

What is it for?

It is used to link past to present when the result of the action is more important than the time it happened ..

1. When something started in the past and is still going on – “I have lived a thousand years.”

2. When the time period has not finished – “More than 3,000 migrants have died crossing the Mediterranean this year.”

3. To talk about actions repeated a number of times in the past – “I have died multiple times.”

4. To talk about recent things – “I’ve just seen a ..”

5. When the time of the action is not known or not as important as the action itself – “I have been to the mountain top.”

How is it constructed?

My God, what have I done?

Use ‘have’ (or ‘has’) and the past participle of the main verb.

For questions, invert the auxiliary verb (‘have’ or ‘has’) with the subject pronoun: “My God, what have I done?”

In the negative, put ‘not’ (or  ‘n’t’) after the ‘have’ or ‘has’: “I haven’t died yet.”

Things to remember

Is it ‘have’ or ‘has’?

There are regular and irregular past participles.

Pronunciation and spelling of the past participle.

never and ever , since and for , just, already and yet.

Why is it difficult?

Some languages use it differently so the meaning can be confusing.

There’s a bit to remember in its construction.

Answer this

What’s the closest you’ve ever come to death?

Follow up with

Maps through your Bones and Skin

Lizard in the Luggage

A Walk In The Park

Other tenses

The past simple

The present perfect continuous

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