The present perfect
CEFR B1 – Trinity Grade 5 – Cambridge First Certificate
What is it for?
It is used to link past to present when the result of the action is more important than the time it happened ..
1. When something started in the past and is still going on – “I have lived a thousand years.”
2. When the time period has not finished – “More than 3,000 migrants have died crossing the Mediterranean this year.”
3. To talk about actions repeated a number of times in the past – “I have died multiple times.”
4. To talk about recent things – “I’ve just seen a ..”
5. When the time of the action is not known or not as important as the action itself – “I have been to the mountain top.”
How is it constructed?
In the negative, put ‘not’ (or ‘n’t’) after the ‘have’ or ‘has’: “I haven’t died yet.”
Things to remember
Is it ‘have’ or ‘has’?
There are regular and irregular past participles.
Pronunciation and spelling of the past participle.
never and ever , since and for , just, already and yet.
Why is it difficult?
Some languages use it differently so the meaning can be confusing.
There’s a bit to remember in its construction.
What’s the closest you’ve ever come to death?
Follow up with
The past simple
The present perfect continuous